Govatsa Dwadashi marks the beginning of Diwali celebrations. It is celebrated one day before Dhanteras.
Govatsa Dwadashi 2021 Date: November 1 (Monday).
Govatsa Dwadashi 2021 Tithi Begins- 01:21 PM on Nov 01, 2021.
Govatsa Dwadashi 2021 Tithi Ends- 11:31 AM on Nov 02, 2021.
On the occasion, cows and calves are worshipped while wheat products are given to them after puja.
Those who observe Govatsa Dwadashi abstain from eating any wheat and milk products during the day.
It is celebrated especially in Maharashtra, where it is known as Vasu Baras. In Gujarat, it is celebrated as Vagh Baras.
In some northern states, Govatsa Dwadashi is referred to as Vagh, which implies repaying one’s financial debts. It is a day when businessmen clear their accounts books and do not make further transactions in their new ledgers.
It is said that Govatsa Dwadashi was first observed with fasting, by King Uttānapāda (the son of Svayambhuva Manu) and his wife Suniti. Because of their prayers and fast, they were blessed with a son named Dhruva.
Govatsa Dwadashi Ritual
Cows and calves are bathed, draped in clothes and flower garlands. Vermilion/ turmeric powder is applied on their foreheads. Aartis are performed. Wheat products, gram and mung bean sprouts are then fed to the cows.