Karwa Chauth is a festival celebrated by Hindu women on the fourth day after Purnima (a full moon) in the month of Kartika. On this occasion, married women, especially in North India, observe fast from sunrise to moonrise for the safety and longevity of their husbands.
Women begin preparing for Karwa Chauth a few days in advance, by buying adornments (shringar), jewelry, and puja items, such as the Karwa lamps, matthi, henna and the decorated puja thali (plate).
On Karwa Chauth occasion, fasting women choose to wear Karwa chauth special dresses like a traditional saree or lehenga to look their best. In some regions, women wear traditional dresses of their states.
Karwa Chauth 2022 Date: October 13, Thursday.
Chaturthi tithi timing – Oct 13, 1:59 am to Oct 14, 3:08 am.
The fast begins at dawn. Fasting women do not eat during the day. Hindu wives perform various kind of rituals along with Vrat (fast) on Karwa chauth for their husband’s long life.
In traditional observances of the fast, the fasting woman usually does no housework. Women apply henna and other cosmetics to themselves and each other. The day passes in meeting friends and relatives. In some regions, it is customary to give and exchange painted clay pots filled with put bangles, ribbons, homemade candy, cosmetics and small cloth items.
In the evening, a community women-only ceremony is held. Participants dress in fine clothing and wear jewellery and henna, and (in some regions) dress in the complete finery of their wedding dresses.
The dresses are frequently red, gold or orange, which are considered auspicious colors. In Uttar Pradesh, women wear sarees or lehengas. The fasting women sit in a circle with their puja thalis. Depending on region and community, a version of the story of Karwa Chauth is narrated, with regular pauses. The storyteller is usually an older woman or a priest, if one is present. In the pauses, the Karwa Chauth puja song is sung collectively the singers perform the feris (passing their thalis around in the circle).