Pongal is the most important harvest festival in Tamil Nadu and is dedicated to Sun God. It derives its name from the special sweet dish that is prepared on this day to be offered to the God of worship.
Pongal coincides with the festival of Makar Sankranti, which is celebrated throughout India. Pongal is celebrated in the Tamil calendar month of Thai.
Pongal is a four-day long festival that commences on the last day of the month of Margazhi and ends on the third day of Thai.
Pongal 2022 Dates
Bhogi Pongal: January 13, Thursday.
Surya Pongal: January 14, Friday.
Mattu Pongal: January 15, Saturday.
Kaanum Pongal: January 16, Sunday.
Rituals: Pongal is celebrated for four days.
Bhogi Pongal— The day is dedicated to Lord Indra. People light bonfires while old clothes and stuff are burnt in it. Houses are decorated with ‘kolams’ made up of rice flour paste and red mud.
Surya Pongal— It is dedicated to the Sun God. Traditional sweet dish called ‘pongal’ made with rice and lentils boiled in milk and jaggery is prepared and offered to Sun God.
Mattu Pongal— It is dedicated to the cattle. Cows and oxen are given a bath, decorated with ornaments and flowers and are offered the ‘pongal’. Bull fights are organized on this day.
Kaanum Pongal— Sisters pray for the well-being of their brothers on this day. This day is also dedicated to the fowl and birds. Cooked rice in the form of small pellets is fed to them.