Govatsa Dwadashi is dedicated to worshipping the cows. It is also popularly known as ‘Nandini Vrat’ and is observed on the ‘Dwadashi’ of the ‘Krishna Paksha’ in the ‘Ashwin’ month of the traditional Hindu calendar.
Govatsa Dwadashi 2022 Date: October 21, Friday.
Dwadashi Tithi Begins: October 21, 2022 5:23 PM.
Dwadashi Tithi Ends: October 22, 2022 6:03 PM.
Govatsa Dwadashi Pradosh Puja Time: October 21, 5:52 PM – October 21, 8:24 PM.
On the occasion, cows and calves are worshipped while wheat products are given to them after puja.
Those who observe Govatsa Dwadashi abstain from eating any wheat and milk products during the day.
It is celebrated especially in Maharashtra, where it is known as Vasu Baras. In Gujarat, it is celebrated as Vagh Baras.
In some northern states, Govatsa Dwadashi is referred to as Vagh, which implies repaying one’s financial debts. It is a day when businessmen clear their accounts books and do not make further transactions in their new ledgers.
It is said that Govatsa Dwadashi was first observed with fasting, by King Uttānapāda (the son of Svayambhuva Manu) and his wife Suniti. Because of their prayers and fast, they were blessed with a son named Dhruva.
Govatsa Dwadashi Ritual
Cows and calves are bathed, draped in clothes and flower garlands. Vermilion/ turmeric powder is applied on their foreheads. Aartis are performed. Wheat products, gram and mung bean sprouts are then fed to the cows.