Bhubaneswar: A total solar eclipse will occur on December 4. This is the last solar eclipse of 2021.
The solar eclipse will be visible from Antarctica. It will also be visible from a few other parts in the southern tip of South America, Africa, Australia, and New Zealand.
The cosmic phenomenon will not be visible from India. Hence, daily rituals at temples across the country will not be affected on the day. However, the celestial event can be seen online. Timeanddate.com will publish a live stream link of the solar eclipse.
A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon comes between the Sun and the Earth. The Sun is approximately 400 times larger than the Moon and also 400 times further away from the Moon. This makes it look like both the Sun and Moon are similar in disk size causing the eclipse. This total solar eclipse comes two weeks after the partial lunar eclipse of November 19.
In 2021, sky gazers have witnessed two lunar eclipse and a solar eclipse so far.
1st lunar eclipse – May 26, 2021
2nd lunar eclipse – November 19, 2021
1st solar eclipse: June 10, 2021
Timing of the December 4 solar eclipse
The full eclipse will begin at around 12.30 pm with the maximum eclipse at 1.03 pm. The eclipse will end at 1.36 pm. The duration of the December 4 solar eclipse will be 1 hour and 43 minutes.
What are the various phases of solar eclipse?
Partial eclipse: This is the situation in which the moon takes a bite of the sun where the moon is seen over the sun’s disk.
Total eclipse: On these criteria, the moon covers the entire disk of the sun and the stargazers might see the diamond ring effect and Baily’s beads in the moon’s umbral path.
Totality and maximum eclipse: This phenomenon has the sun’s corona visible, which is a stage of the total solar eclipse. During this time, the sky becomes dark, the temperature drops and the animals stay silent. The midpoint of time is known as the maximum point of the eclipse where the moon covers the disk of the sun.
End of Total eclipse: The moon moves away and the sun starts appearing again. Observers are lucky enough to see Baily’s beads and diamond ring effect. Partial eclipse: The eclipse will end after the moon leaves the sun’s disk.