The thyroid gland is a small organ that’s located in the front of the neck, wrapped around the windpipe. It’s shaped like a butterfly, smaller in the middle with two wide wings that extend around the side of your throat. The thyroid is a gland. An individual has glands throughout the body, where thyroids create and release substances that help the body do a specific thing. Basically, thyroid makes hormones that help control many vital functions of the human body.
Thyroid disease is a general term for a medical condition that keeps thyroid from making the right amount of hormones. Thyroid typically makes hormones that keep the body functioning normally. When the thyroid makes too much thyroid hormone, the body uses energy too quickly. This is called hyperthyroidism. Using energy too quickly will do more than making a person tired. It can make heart beat faster, cause weight loss and even make an individual feel nervous. On the flip-side of this, thyroid can make too little thyroid hormone. This is called hypothyroidism. When you have too little thyroid hormone in the body, it can make a person feel tired, one might gain weight and one may even be unable to tolerate cold temperatures.
These two main disorders can be caused by a variety of conditions. They can also be passed down through families (inherited).
Swasthya Sambad in conversation with Dr. Ankita Tiwari, Endocrinologist & Diabetologist, AMRI Hospitals, Bhubaneswar said, “There are plenty of food options if you have hypothyroidism, including eggs: whole eggs are best, as much of their iodine and selenium are found in the yolk, while the whites are full of protein, Meat: all meats, including lamb, beef, chicken, etc. Fish: all seafood, including salmon, tuna, halibut, shrimp, etc. Vegetables: all vegetables — cruciferous vegetables are fine to eat in moderate amounts, especially when cooked. Fruits: all other fruits, including berries, bananas, oranges, tomatoes, etc. Gluten-free grains and seeds: rice, buckwheat, quinoa, chia seeds, and flax seeds. Dairy: all dairy products, including milk, cheese, yogurt, etc. Beverages: water and other non-caffeinated beverages. People with hypothyroidism should aim to eat a diet based on vegetables, fruits, and lean meats. These are low in calories and very filling, which may help prevent weight gain.”