National Organ Donation Day is observed on November 27 every year in India to promote awareness regarding organ donation.
It is organised by the National Organ & Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO) under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
Due to lack of awareness, there are myths and fears among people about organ donation. The aim of this day is to motivate people to pledge to donate organs after death, and to spread awareness about the importance of organ donation.
Organ Donation is donating a donor’s organs like heart, liver, kidneys, intestines, lungs, and pancreas, after the donor dies, for the purpose of transplanting them into another person who is in need of an organ.
According to a survey in India every year about:
500,000 people die because of non-availability of organs, 200,000 people die due to liver disease, and 50,000 people die because of heart disease. Moreover, 150,000 people await a kidney transplant but only 5,000 get among them.
The organ donor can play a big role in saving others’ life. The organ of the donor can be transplanted to the patient who needs it urgently.
Facts about Organ Donation
- Anybody can be an organ donor irrespective of their age, caste, religion, community etc
- There is no defined age for donating organs. The decision to donate organs is based on strict medical criteria, not age.
- Tissues such as cornea, heart valves, skin, and bone can be donated in case of natural death but vital organs such as heart, liver, kidneys, intestines, lungs, and pancreas can be donated only in the case of ‘brain death’.
- Organs such as the heart, pancreas, liver, kidneys and lungs can be transplanted to those recipients whose organs are failing because it allows many recipients to return to a normal lifestyle.
- Anyone younger than age 18 needs to have the agreement of a parent or guardian to be a donor.
Having a serious condition like actively spreading cancer, HIV, diabetes, kidney disease, or heart disease can prevent you from donating as a living donor.